Modulus is a speculative design project that aims to create a social conversation around the topic of bioethics, synthetic biology, and morphological freedom in relation to the human identity.

For this project, we researched on topics of transhumanism, bioethics, morphological freedom, human identity, dignity, and synthetic biology.

Our research has led us to question what the limits of identity are and how these boundaries can inhibit human progress. Unequal opportunity and stringent, conflicting ideas of what can and can’t be done to modify one’s personhood has made society an uneven playing field; many are privileged to invest in themselves while others are not as fortunate, and science remains largely conservative and underfunded. In our mind, present policies and research should be approaching a future in which technological advancements allow us to design our uniqueness without worrying about the limits our natural-born bodies or even social status confer us.

In response to this, we endeavored to imagine a reality in which wide-ranging scientific collaborations and progressive policy-making have led to a world that encourages the redefinition of human nature through body alteration. Stem cell research, human-animal hybrids, and genetic engineering could liberate us from our biological limitations without necessarily devolving into bioterrorism; it could instead be the answer to what makes us unequal and unable to thrive uninhibited.

The result of this speculative future is Modulus, an advanced human enhancement company in the 2100s born out of the desire to defy the barriers of our morphological freedom.

To know more about the research behind this project please download our Research Report


  • Posthumanism and Design, Laura Forlano, 2016
  • Speculative Life: Art, Synthetic Biology and Blueprints for the Unknown, Jennifer Johung, 2015
  • After Man – A Zoology of the Future, Dougal Dixon, 1981
  • H+: Bringinga Arts/Sciences and Design Into the Discussion of Transhumanism, Natasha Vita-More, 2011
  • Speculative Aesthetics and Object-Oriented Inquiry (OOI), N. Katherine Hayles, 2014
  • Speculative Design : Crafting the Speculation, James Auger, 2013
  • The functionality of the posthuman body: An exploration of speculative designs role in exploring the limits of morphological freedom, Aoife Cusack, 2016
  • “The Case Against Perfection” – The Atlantic, Michael J. Sandel, 2004
  • “We’re Already Designing Babies” – The Atlantic, Olga Khazan, 2014
  • Human Augmentation, Fresh Consulting, 2018
  • Self-organization mechanism in a bone-like hydroxyapatite/collagen nanocomposite synthesized in vitro and its biological reaction in vivo, Masanori Kikuchi, Soichiro Itoh, Shizuko Ichinose, Kenichi Shinomiya, Junzo Tanaka, 2001
  • “Genetically Modified Olympians? Gene doping.”– The Economist, 2008 Popular Magazines, Web 2015
  • “Chinese scientists genetically modify human embryos” – Nature, David Cyranoski, Sara Reardon, 2015
  • “Japan approves first human-animal embryo experiments” – Nature, David Cyranoski, 2019
    “Human-Pig Hybrid Created in the Lab” – National Geographic, Erin Blakemore, 2020
  • Love your monsters. Why we must care for our technologies as we do our children. BRUNO LATOUR, 2011
  • Family DNA searches seen as crime-solving tool, and Intrusion in rights. ELI ROSENBERG, 2017
  • A new form of Stem-Cell engineering raises ethical questions. CARL ZIMMER, 2017
  • Genetic enhancement, a treat to human rights? ELIZABETH FENTON, 2007
  • The story of Henrietta Lack: A lesson in Biology and Ethics. ERINC SPITTOON, 2009
  • Synthetic Biology, Social and Ethical Challenges. ANDREW BALMER, PAUL MARTIN, 2008
  • H± Transhumanism and its critics.GREGORY R. HANSELL AND WILLIAM GRASSIE, 2011
  • Engaging Transhumanism. HAVA TIROSH-SAMUELSON, 2011
  • In Defense of Posthuman Dignity. NICK BOSTROM, 2005
  • SENS Statement of Principle. AUBREY DE GREY, 2011
  • Playing by the Rules—or Not? Constructions of Identity in a Posthuman Future. SKY MARSEN, 2011
  • Ship of Fools: Why Transhumanism Is the Best Bet to Prevent the Extinction of Civilization. MARK WALKER, 2009
  • From Mind Loading to Mind Cloning: Gene to Meme to Beme A Perspective on the Nature of Humanity. MARTINE ROTHBLATT, 2011
  • Of Which Human Are We Post? DON IHDE, 2011
  • Making stories visible: The task for bioethics commissions. MEERA LEE SETHI, ADAM BRIGGLE, 2011
  • True Transhumanism: A Reply to Don Ihde. MAX MORE, 2011